child marriage in nigeria
Child marriage refers to any formal marriage or informal union between a child under the age of 18 and an adult or another child. Autonomy and Consent are two key elements, amongst others, that are necessary when one is entering into a marital contract with someone else. While the prevalence of child marriage has decreased worldwide – from one in four girls married a decade ago to approximately one in five today – the practice remains widespread. It’s worth fighting Nafissa is now 22 years old. In most cases, girls are forced into marriages arranged by parents or relatives. Nigeria could have generated up to $7.6 billion in increased earnings and productivity in 2015 alone. Unfortunately, in Nigeria, structure and culture are intertwined, and the ambiguity of the Nigerian Constitution encourages the practice of child marriage. There is an antiquated practice of collecting 'bride price' in Nigeria. Wasila Umaru is a 14-year-old girl that was forced to marry a 35-year-old man in Nigeria. The Nigerian government made child marriage illegal in 2003, but according to campaigners from Girls Not Brides, 17% of girls in the country are still married before the age of 15. On the one hand, they are not given the choice to say no. Learn how UNICEF and UNFPA are reaching the girls at greatest risk. The impacts of child marriage are pervasive, from health risks associated with childhood pregnancy, delivery and parenting to mental health issues due to isolation and stress. The cycle further diminishes young women’s confidence and reinforces their inability to participate in society. The continuance of child marriage also has devastating effects on nations’ economies, with impact on education attainment, workforce participation, and participation in decision-making and investments. Child marriages not only limit individual human rights, but also perpetuate poverty and inequality for entire communities and countries. This inadvertently permits Sharia law, thus promoting child marriage. You don't need an excuse to vote early. A child’s inability to consent to a supposed lifelong journey must raise questions regarding its legality, Fayokun insists. We as a society must start to realize that the practice of child marriage must cease to persist, for the sake of the future of these girls that are married to early. Poverty is so dehumanizing in many ways frequently affecting the members of the area so affected who are poorest already first and foremost. However, the states in Nigeria that implements Sharia law do not prohibit child marriage. To challenge this practice, the Nigerian government signed and ratified the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child in 1991 and the African Union’s Charter on the Rights and Welfare of the Child in 2003, going further to incorporate both instruments into domestic law by promulgating the Child’s Right Act in 2003. Nigeria’s child marriage is most prevalent in the North, where the poverty rate is highest, averaging 77 percent, where child marriage is most prevalent, explains human rights advocate Tim S. Braimah. This is why, when children do something horrid, we tend to judge them as children, and we do not hold them to the same standard as we hold adults. Notably, of the 12 northern states yet to implement the act, 11 have Sharia law embedded in their penal code. We made it easy for you to exercise your right to vote. In order to understand the situation that Wasila Umaru found herself in, it is important to explore the practice of child marriage in Nigeria, a bit more deeply. TY and celebrate the good news the birth of Jesus delivered to the wise men. If we look at the people most affected by child marriage, they tend to be girls who are from poor homes. There are also numerous issues that arouse from child-teen pregnancy, both physical and psychological. Quartz: Critiquing Child Marriage Policies, North-South Divide in Nigeria Is Hiding a Humanitarian Crisis. I believe with sharing of information on the internet humans shall turn the tide of corruption that has enslaved us for centuries via basically the Empire. Studies have found that child brides are at greater risk of contracting sexually transmitted diseases and confronting reproductive challenges: Girls under age 15 are five times more likely to die in childbirth than those in their twenties, and girls under 18 are 60 percent more likely to lose their child. “If a girl of my age gets married, it’s not good. If efforts are not accelerated, more than 120 million girls will marry before their eighteenth birthday by 2030. Child marriage is one of major global concern as we see more activists and civil societies rise to demand social and legal protection for the girl child, which is ubiquitous across the Arabs, as well as other secular ones like Nigeria. Remember MARTIN Luther only had a printing press technology and initiated a Reformation. Child marriage is simply a traditional convention that has been allowed to subsist within Nigeria. However, I think that the issue is deeper than that. Copyright © 2020 Yale University • All rights reserved • Privacy policy, UNICEF estimates the world has about 650 million females who married under the age of 18. It is based on the premise of a coordination platform led by the Federal Ministry of Women Affairs and Social Development and co-chaired by Save the Children. The children are married off to older men, in order to both get the bride price that is paid on her behalf, but also because that is one less mouth to feed for her family. Ending child marriage yields positive gains, with an increase up to 15 percent of baseline yearly wage spending by countries. But, on an institutional level, education seems to be the only plausible way to target this issue. The practice can also isolate girls from family and friends and exclude them from participating in their communities, taking a heavy toll on their physical and psychological well-being. In 2013, Nigeria attempted to change section 29, sub section 4 of its laws and thereby prohibit child marriages, however, it was opposed by the Islamic states of Nigeria. Increased apathy to school attendance, particularly due to the upsurge in Boko Haram insurgency and the kidnapping of more than 270 girls from a school in the region. But your state may let you vote during a designated early voting period. Norms and stereotypes around gender roles and marriage age, as well as the socio-economic risk of pregnancy outside of marriage, also uphold the practice. Globally, the prevalence of child marriage among boys is just one sixth that among girls. This is a very hard question, because on the one hand, it involves targeting many people's core beliefs that there is nothing wrong with child marriage. UNICEF and UNFPA renew multi-country initiative to protect millions of girls from child marriage. Furthermore, the constitution removes marriages under Islamic and customary law from federal legislative competence, granting the power of formation, amendment and dissolution of marriages to the state. This makes Niger the country with the highest rate of child marriage in the world. Empowering young girls at risk of marriage or already in union, the programme reached more than 7.9 million adolescent girls with life-skills training and school attendance support over its first phase (2016–2019). This can partly be explained because Nigeria is very much divided on religious grounds. If one is to concede to the argument that autonomy and consent is key to a valid marital contract, then it is not hard to see why Wasila's marriage was both void and wrong. Wasila Umaru is a 14-year-old girl that was forced to marry a 35-year-old man in Nigeria. Lines and paragraphs break automatically.

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